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Monophagus species

Schizophyllum commune Fries

Synonyms:

Agaricus alneus L., (1755)
Agaricus alneus Reichard, (1780)
Agaricus multifidus Batsch, (1786)
Apus alneus (L.) Gray, (1821)
Merulius alneus (L.) J.F. Gmel., (1792)
Merulius alneus (Reichard) Schumach., (1803)
Merulius communis (Fr.) Spirin & Zmitr., (2004)
Schizophyllum alneum J. Schröt., (1889)
Schizophyllum alneum (Reichard) Kuntze, (1898)
Schizophyllum commune var. multifidum (Batsch) Cooke, (1892)
Schizophyllum multifidum (Batsch) Fr., (1875)

Schizophyllum commune, Fuzzy Fungi

Orthocis lucasi is monophagus on this common fungus

Orthocis lucasi

and

Orthocis pygmaeus(false orthocis) is monophagus on the polypore genus Stereum for example Stereum hirsutum

Orthocis pygmaeus

in Stereum hirsutum. because of  horn in frontoclypeal it can not be true Orthocis then it is a Cis.

Stereum hirsutum (Willd.) Pers., (1800)

Auricularia aurantiaca Schumach., (1803)
Auricularia reflexa Bull., (1786)
Boletus auriformis Bolton, (1788)
Helvella acaulis Pers., (1778)
Stereum hirsutum var. cristulatum Quél., (1872)
Stereum reflexum (Bull.) Sacc., (1916)
Thelephora hirsuta Willd., (1787)[1]
Thelephora reflexa (Bull.) Lam. & DC., (1805)

California Fungi—Stereum hirsutum

 

Stereum hirsutum is a plant pathogen. S. hirsutum is in turn parasitised by certain other species such as the fungus Tremella aurantia. Substrates for S. hirsutum include dead limbs and trunks of both hardwoods and conifers.

  • Sporocarp

    Fruiting body annual or short-live perennial, resupinate when young, forming thin, leathery overlapping shelves at maturity, 1-3.5 cm wide and up to 8 cm long when fused with adjacent shelves; upper surface hairy, undulate, lobed, banded orange-brown to yellow-brown, older tissue grey to greyish-brown; lower fertile surface smooth, orange-buff to pale-buff, if zoned, less conspicuously than the upper surface; flesh 0.5-1.0 mm thick, pliant when young, tough in age; stalk absent.

  • Spores

    Spores 5.5-7 x 3-3.5 µm, cylindrical, smooth.

  • Habitat

    Fruiting in tiers and overlapping shelves on dead hardwood stumps, branches, etc., occasionally on conifer wood; fruiting throughout the mushroom season.

  • Edibility

    Inedible; too tough to be of culinary value.

  • Comments

    The small, wavy, leathery shelves of Stereum hirsutum are a common sight in Bay Area woodlands. Fresh fruitings are bright orange-brown to orange-buff, fading in age or dry weather to dull-buff or grey. As the common name suggests, Stereum hirsutum is sometimes confused with Trametes versicolor, the so called “true” Turkey Tail. The latter also has a banded upper surface, but is colored differently, usually a combination of grey, brown or cream, rarely with orange tones. More significantly, it has a pored, not smooth fertile surface. Lenzites betulina, another bracket fungus with a banded upper surface, differs in having a gill-like hymenium.