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Enoki mushroom


Enokitake (榎茸, エノキタケ, Japanese pronunciation: [enokitake], /ɨˌnoʊkiˈtɑːkiː/), also Enokidake (榎茸, エノキダケ, Japanese pronunciation: [enokidake], /ɨˌnoʊkiˈdɑːkiː/) or Enoki (榎, エノキ, Japanese pronunciation: [enoki], /ɨˈnoʊki/)[1] is a long, thin white mushroom used in East Asian cuisine (such as that of China, Japan and Korea). These mushrooms are cultivars of Flammulina velutipes, also known by the name, golden needle mushroom or lily mushroom.[2] Wild forms differing in color, texture, and sliminess are called winter mushrooms, velvet foot or velvet stem, amongst other names.

This mushroom is available fresh or canned, with experts recommending fresh enoki specimens with firm, white, shiny caps, rather than those with slimy or brownish stalks that are best avoided.It is traditionally used for soups, but can also be used for salads and other dishes. The mushroom has a crisp texture and can be refrigerated for approximately one week.

Enoki mushroom2

The mushroom naturally grows on the stumps of the Chinese Hackberry tree (“enoki” in Japanese), but also on other trees, such as mulberry and persimmon trees. There is a significant difference in appearance between the wild and cultivated types of the mushroom. Cultivated mushrooms have not been exposed to light, resulting in a white color, whereas wild mushrooms usually display a dark brown color. Cultivated mushrooms are grown in a carbon dioxide (CO2)-rich environment to nurture the development of long thin stems, whereas wild mushrooms produce a much shorter and thicker stem.

Flammulina velutipes
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following listMycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnexed
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: choice
The names, enokitake (榎茸、エノキタケ), enokidake (榎茸、エノキダケ) and enoki (榎、エノキ) are derived from the Japanese language. In Chinese, the mushroom is called “jīnzhēngū” 金針菇 or “jīngū” 金菇. In Korean, it is called “paengi beoseot” (팽이버섯), and “kim châm” or “trâm vàng” are the terms used in Vietnamese.

Health properties

Enokitake mushrooms contain antioxidants,[4][5] like ergothioneine.[5] Animal testing has indicated possible applications in the development of vaccines and cancer immunotherapy.

Research at the National University of Singapore, first published in 2005, stated that the stalk of the golden needle mushroom contains a large quantity of a protein, named “Five”/”FIP-fve” by the researchers, that helps in the regulation of the immune system. The mushroom also contains flammutoxin, a cytolytic and cardiotoxic protein[7][8] that has proven to be non-toxic when absorbed orally.

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